Benign Prostate Hypertrophy

Benign Prostate Hypertrophy [BPH] is a benign (non-cancerous) enlargement of the prostate that is extremely common in older men.

It is generally thought to be caused by years of exposure to male hormones like testosterone. BPH is such a common cause of an enlarged prostate that it is often simply referred to as “enlarged prostate.”

While BPH is benign and cannot spread to other parts of the body, it can cause problems. If the prostate enlarges enough, the flow of urine out of the body can be obstructed. If this obstruction is severe enough, it can result in kidney damage.


Usually, oral medication [pills] can be given to reduce the prostate swelling so that urine may flow more freely. If medication does not work and the obstruction is severe enough, surgery may be required to relieve the obstruction.